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Photographed 13 August 2018.
The Oregon Trail
Encampments in the Guernsey Area
By wagon, encampments in the Guernsey area,
are a day's trek from Fort Laramie.
Emigrants had three choices of camp sites
in the Guernsey area:
Register Cliff, Warm Springs,
or Cold Springs, the farthest encampment.
Lieutenant John C. Fremont's Camp Site
In 1842, Lientenant John C. Fremont,
lead a mapping expedition of the Oregon Trail.
According to Fremont's map maker,
the flat area just below this sign is most likely
where the expedition camped on 21-22 July 1942.
While camped here,
Fremont noted in his report to Congress
that Fort Laramie would be a suitable place
of a military post.
Warm Springs Camp Site
Many period documents describe this area as
the Emigrant's Wash or Laundry Tub,
due to the natural warm water temperature.
Warm Springs is located approximately 1.25 miles
to the west, up the drainage you are facing.
Lieutenant John C. Fremont wrote
“At a distance of ten miles from the fort,
we entered the sandy bed of a creek, a place here,
on the left bank, a very large spring gushes
with considerable noise and force out of the limestone.
On the opposite side, a little below the spring,
is a lofty limestone escarpment,
partially shaded by a grove of large trees.”
Today, the site remains much the same.
Cold Springs Pass and Camp Site
Cold Springs Pass is located approximately
three quarters of a mile and
just to the highest point you see.
The Pass was used to get to the
Cold Springs Camp Site.
The camp site is observable from a pull out on
and is located approximately 2 miles
west of Guernsey.
Register Cliff is located 2 miles to the East.
The camp site was located in the flats below
a mile long cliff of soft sandstone
used as a name register
by thousands of emigrants from 1847 on.
It's interesting that no emigrant ever
mentions inscribing names or initials
on the cliff in diaries.
Also located near Register Cliff was the
War and Guerrier Trading Post (1852-1855),
Mills and Janis Trading Post (1858-1860),
and the Sandy Point Pony Express Station (1860-1861).
Location records that use this photograph:
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Other photos about Geography - Wyoming or Platte County.
Date and time this page was prepared:
12/8/2023 3:46:33 PM